Iris na Gaeilge    Eanáir 2005         uimh 8

Quiz answers

1 )Baginbun: The Normans landed in 1169 in Co. Wexford and gained a footing. This happened with the blessings of the Pope, Adrian IV. "At the fort of Baginbun, Ireland was lost and won". Thus began 800 years of bloodshed.

2) Rathmullen: On 4 .Sept, 1607, Hugh O'Neill, and other Ulster earls and soldiers, sailed for Spain, from Rathmullen. but landed near Rouen, France. This ended the old Gaelic social order, but not the struggle for Irish culture and independence. It is known as the Flight of the Earls.

3) Cave Hill, near Belfast. Here at McArt's Fort, Theobald Wolf Tone, and a number of friends, took an oath that they would never cease struggling until Ireland was free. All were Protestants. This led to the rebellion of 1798 and the concept of Republicanism in Irish politics for the first time.

4) Killala: General Humbert, landed at Killala, Co. Mayo, with three frigates and 1,000 men, on 23. August, 1798. This was to be followed by a force of 4 ,000 under General Hardy. The second French force never left France. Humbert was abandoned then, but showed spirit and ability until defeated at Ballinamuck on 8 Sept.

5)Tulira: Lady Gregory and her guest, W. B Yeats, went to call on Edward Martyn at his residence,Tulira Castle, Co. Galway. It was 1887. The day became wet. Marooned indoors, they talked and then planned the foundation of what became known later as the Abbey Theatre. It was world famous in its promotion of Irish drama and culture.It was critical in the Irish Renaissance.

6) Larne: Larne, Co. Antrim. On 24 April, 1914, Ulster Protestants landed 35,000 rifles from Germany to oppose London's Home Rule plans for Ireland. They also meant to set up an illegal provisional government in Ulster, if necessary. Neither the police nor the army interfered with the unloading. Lord Carson, a Dubliner, was their inspiration.

7) Bachelor's Walk: On 26 July, 1914, Irish Nationalists, led by Erskine Childers, (an Englishman) imported 1,500 rifles at Howth to support the British Home Rule plans for Ireland. In a name-calling incident at Batchelors Walk, Dublin, the British army fired on the newly-equipped Nationalists killing 3 and injuring 32 of the crowd.

8) At Soloheadbeg, Co. Tipperary in January, 1919 an unfortunate exchange of gunfire between the I.R.B and the R.I.C. (Irish Republican Brotherhood and Royal Irish Constabulary) took place. The incident became recognised as the start of the Anglo-Irish war. It ended on 11 July 1921, with a truce.

9) With the seizure of the Four Courts in Dublin by Rory O'Connor, on 13 April, 1922, began the disastrous Irish Civil War. It cost the Irish taxpayer £30,000,000 and crippled the economy of the new state. It took ten years to rebuild the Four Courts.

10) Ardnachrusha. (Co.Clare). In 1925, Dr. McLoughlin , an engineer , and Patrick McGilligan , Minister for Industry, planned a hydro-electric station on the Shannon to help industrialise the new Ireland. It was highly successful. It cost £5.5m. Later on, Ireland could not have maintained the national policy of Neutrality in World War II (1939-45) without the station's electricity and power.